November is Native American Heritage Month

The first federally recognized Native American Heritage month was celebrated in 1990, when president George H. W. Bush approved a joint resolution that designated November 1990 “National American Indian Heritage Month.”  The commemorative month follows nearly a century of efforts to recognize the contributions of Native Americans to the shaping of American life.

Some Native American resources in the Digital Library of Georgia include:

The Cherokee Phoenix, the country’s first Native American newspaper,  which was printed bilingually in both Cherokee and English from the Cherokee  Nation capital of New Echota, Georgia from 1828 to 1834. It is available as part of the Georgia Historic Newspapers collection.

February 21, 1828 edition of the Cherokee Phoenix. Georgia Historic Newspapers Collection.
February 21, 1828 edition of the Cherokee Phoenix. Georgia Historic Newspapers Collection.

The publication “Antiquities of the southern Indians, particularly of the Georgia tribes” by Charles Colcock Jones is available as part of the Georgia-related Publications from the Internet Archive collection.

Antiquities of the southern Indians, particularly of the Georgia tribes, by Charles Colcock Jones, 1873. Georgia-related Publications from the Internet Archive collection.
Antiquities of the southern Indians, particularly of the Georgia tribes, by Charles Colcock Jones, 1873. Georgia-related Publications from the Internet Archive collection.

The Historic Georgia Codes Collection includes the 1802 digest of the laws of the state of Georgia that includes treaties held between the United States, the state of Georgia, and Native American tribes. The document is titled “Digest of the laws of the state of Georgia, from its settlement as a British province, in 1755, to the session of the General assembly in 1800, inclusive. Comprehending all the laws passed within the above periods, and now in force, alphabetically arranged under their respective titles: also the state constitutions of 1777 and 1789, with the additions and amendments in 1795, and the constitution of 1798. To which is added, an appendix: comprising the Declaration of American independence; the Articles of confederation and perpetual union; the federal Constitution, with the amendments thereto: all the treaties between the United States and foreign nations; the treaties between the United States and the different tribes of Indians; and those between the state of Georgia and the southern and western Indians. With a copious index to the whole. Comp., arranged and digested from the original records, and under the special authority of the state. By Horatio Marbury & William H. Crawford, esqrs.”

Georgia. Digest of the laws of the state of Georgia, from its settlement as a British province, in 1755, to the session of the General assembly in 1800, inclusive. Historic Georgia Codes Collection, Alexander Campbell King Law Library.
Georgia. Digest of the laws of the state of Georgia, from its settlement as a British province, in 1755, to the session of the General assembly in 1800, inclusive. Historic Georgia Codes Collection, Alexander Campbell King Law Library.

 

Relics from the historic Chief Vann House historic site are available as part of the Lane Brothers Commercial Photographers Photographic Collection, 1920-1976 (Chief James Vann was a wealthy Georgia Cherokee leader and planter).

Vann House (Native American relics), Lane Brothers Commercial Photographers Photographic Collection, 1920-1976, Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library
Vann House (Native American relics), Lane Brothers Commercial Photographers Photographic Collection, 1920-1976, Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library.

A photograph of the Kolomoki burial mounds, in Blakely, Georgia, taken on July 1, 1945 during an anthropological visit with members of the Smithsonian Institution, is available as part of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution Photographic Archive.

Kolomoki burial mound, Blakely, Georgia, July 1, 1945. Atlanta Journal-Constitution Photographic Archive, Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library.
Kolomoki burial mound, Blakely, Georgia, July 1, 1945. Atlanta Journal-Constitution Photographic Archive, Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library.

 

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Southern School News Archive

The Digital Library of Georgia is pleased to announce the availability of the Southern School News now in the Civil Rights Digital Library and soon the Digital Public Library of America.

The Southern School News Archive provides online access to the complete run of the newspaper, published from 1954 until 1965. The monthly paper was the product of the Southern Education Reporting Service, a Ford Foundation-backed group of Southern newspaper editors who sought to report on issues in desegregation in schools of all sizes and levels — from the smallest rural schoolhouses to large state universities — across the American South. The aim of this project was clear and solid: report the events impartially, dispassionately, and as completely as possible.

The newspaper outlined its mission in each issue:

Southern School News is the official publication of the Southern Education Reporting Service, an objective, fact-finding agency established by southern newspaper editors and educators with the aim of providing accurate, unbiased information to school administrators, public officials and interested lay citizens on developments in education arising from the U.S. Supreme Court opinion of May 17, 1954 declaring segregation in the schools unconstitutional. SERS is not an advocate, is neither pro-segregation nor anti-segregation, but simply reports the facts as it finds them, state by state.

The Southern School News Archive is available through the Civil Rights Digital Library, a rich digital resource that serves as a portal providing a seamless virtual library on the Civil Rights Movement drawing on holdings from more than 75 libraries and allied organizations from across the nation.

Southern School News, October 1963. Featured stories include the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, and debate surrounding President Kennedy's civil rights bill (later to be signed into law as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by President Johnson).
Southern School News, October 1963. Featured stories include the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, and debate surrounding President Kennedy’s civil rights bill (later to be signed into law as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by President Johnson).

As a service hub for the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA), the Digital Library of Georgia (DLG) provides digitization and metadata assistance for its partner institutions around the state. The DLG also aggregates and shares metadata about digital items with the DPLA, allowing the DPLA to act as a portal to these collections. Thanks to grants from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation and the Arcadia Fund, the Digital Library of Georgia has digitized and described these items for inclusion in both the DLG and the DPLA.

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